Saturday, 10 September 2011

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of Versailles

 At different time frames ,the terms of treaty were  differently viewed and the  people from different countries would view the severity of Treaty differently.German has to compensate these affected countries ,lost lives ,lands and economy due to this war.As German territories and the colonies are taken away. The loss of land were about thirteen percent is were returned to Russia , France. The Treaty also forbade Germany to be alliance with Austria again. The german reparations cost was about 6600 million pound sterling.There was a great pressure from the people from the countries that were allied with Germany to punish Germany. The war created great destruction especially for Britain and France. They agreed that Germany should face the consequences from this Treaty.

By R.Rohanrajan (35)

Monday, 18 July 2011

Rohan's 'Propaganda on the hitler rule the world'

Propaganda within Nazi germany was taken to a new and frequently perverse level. Hitler was  aware of the value of good propaganda and he appointed Joseph Goebbels  as head of propaganda.

Propaganda is the art of persuasion - persuading others that your 'side of the story' is correct. Propaganda might take the form of persuading others that your military might is too great to be challenged; that your political might within a nation is too great or popular to challenge etc. In Nazi Germany Dr Joseph Goebbels was in charge of propaganda.Gobeels official title was Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment. Hitler and many of the higher Nazi leaders harbored racism and wished to begin the extermination of races they deemed inferior.This anti-Semitic material formed the second main body of German propaganda. It was implemented through the recently invented radio, as well as through speeches from the main Nazi leaders. Posters and other visual material were also widely circulated and vital to the persuasion. Much other visual and printed material, such as books and leaflets, was only circulated to specific groups, such as Nazi party members or soldiers. However, almost all the propaganda was spread though a variety of media.

As Minister of Enlightenment, Goebbels  had two main tasks: His main tasks were  to ensure nobody in Germany could read or see anything that was hostile or damaged to the Nazi Party and the views of the Nazis were put across in the most persuasive manner possible.
To ensure success, Goebbels had to work with the SS and Gestapo and Albert Speer who might produce articles defamatory to the Nazis and Hitler while Speer helped Goebbels with public displays of propaganda.

Why was so much effort put into propaganda?
At no time up to 1933, did the Nazi Party win a majority of votes at elections. They may have been the largest political party in 1933, but they did not have a majority of support among the people. Therefore, those who had supported the Nazis needed to be informed on how correct their choice was with an emphasis on the strength of the party and the leadership. Those who opposed the Nazi Party had to be convinced that it was pointless continuing with their opposition. The fact that Goebbels had so much power is indicative of how important Hitler thought it was to ensure that the people  won over or intimidated into accepting Nazi rule. 

Propoganda posters 
 Posters, first from the top which advertises a paper drive were related to production propaganda posters. These types of posters urged German citizens to conserve materials for the war effort. During the war, many materials that would have been commonplace and easy to produce during peacetime began to get scarce. Posters such as these prompted the viewer to help give to the Nazi cause. Like the production and labor posters, many conservation posters also displayed images of battle and urged the average person to “do their part.” When they did not show battle, conservation posters, such as this one, often depicted contributors cheerily giving to the war effort, pleased at being able to aid their government. In most cases, however, German citizens were reluctant to give up their luxuries. This type of propaganda is often titled “conservation propaganda” and was especially common in America and Germany during World War II.

This poster, second from the top shows that spies are listening which were not particularly common in wartime Germany. However, they were important to the propaganda effort. These implied that spies were everywhere and would hear any gossip or loose talk about the war effort and  the implication that spies were close and listening in also helped to bring the reality of war home to most people. In most cases, this served to make the public work harder and be more careful about conservation, two of the main other reasons for propaganda. As long as the public felt threatened, they would obey commands that would, in their eyes, remove that threat.

This poster, third from the top which reads “One People, One Reich, One Führer,” was a piece of one of the most important parts of the German propaganda. By establishing a rudimentary worship for the Führer who was a leader that was almost mythological,Adolf Hitler was established as the absolute head of the government and to some a semi-deity. This inspired the public to work harder and do more for the Reich, having been convinced by the Führer propaganda that the war was a sort of holy quest or crusade. The Führer worship also helped instill pride in Germany and the Reich among the German population. This type of propaganda was also heavily reinforced by speeches and radio broadcasts. Goebbels himself often spoke about Hitler members, showed Hitler being adored by the public, especially by the German youth. This type of propaganda was very important to the Nazi cause in that it defined the Führer as an embodiment of all the good of the Nazi Reich and  also persuaded many people to further follow its commands. This helped in the war effort and also generated pride in the German nation and the Reich.

Posters like this one at the forth from the top, which advertises the Nazi film “The Eternal Jew,” served to dehumanize the German Jews. The film which is  “The Eternal Jew” itself compares the Jewish people to rats. By dehumanizing Jews, the Nazi leaders began to prepare for Hitler’s “Final Solution stereotypes about cheating with money. The propaganda was able to play off the existing racial difficulties in Germany has well as ,to enhance the original nationalistic pride of the German people that they were somehow chosen or holy.

This picture at the fifth from the top, which depicts a supposedly innocent German citizen paying a Jewish man as the he sprays lies onto him. This is probably because propaganda that demeans races or political groups, other than the enemy, does very little to boost or aid the wartime effort. However, propaganda of a type very similar is much more common than thought today, and comes to us in the form of political cartoons or political advertising. Political cartoons often demeanor mock groups based of stereotypes or prejudices. Although the purpose of these cartoons is undoubtedly different from the German anti-Semitic propaganda, many comparisons can be drawn between the two.
German propaganda was extremely important to the course of World War II. By taking control of the media and only printing or broadcasting Nazi material, the Reich was able to effectively flood Germany with its propaganda. This, which is combined with the genius of men like Joseph Goebbels, created one of the most potent barrages of wartime propaganda in history.


PROPAGANDA (my summary)

Information extracted from (
1. information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
2. the deliberate spreading of such information, rumours, etc.
3. the particular doctrines or principles propagated by an organization or movement.
As you can see, that propaganda is not real. It is fake advertisement usually by political parties. This is done so people will trust by giving fake hopes. Examples of propaganda are like Japan, Germany, Russia and many more. These are the few political propaganda. Propaganda is basically about giving the better rule or country to people.
In this project the emphasis will be on Nazis’ propaganda. Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party. He was the leader of the Nazi. The propaganda led to get in power and sustaining it. Not only that and also the holocaust were caused by the propaganda.
The propaganda was spread through newspaper, speakers, posters, films, books, comics, magazines, radio and even through fine art. This propaganda promoted ideology. The Nazis believed in the supremacy of an Aryan master race and claimed that Germans represented the purest Aryan nation. They argued that Germany's survival as a modern great nation required it to create a New Order an empire in Europe that would give the German nation the necessary land mass, resources and expansion of population needed to be able to economically and militarily compete with other powers. The Nazis claimed that Jews were the greatest threat to the Aryan race and the German nation.
information from

vinod 3C 

LhfsNinontooee's Research!!!(Propaganda)

After the Great Depression that left the Germans in total Poverty and Jeopardy all over. Hitler used all these, including the various crimes broken out, and blamed them on the people he considered not of the Aryans( a “Perfect race” made up by Hitler, suggesting they were the real inhabitants of Nazi Germany) He used Propaganda, during his election rallies, to bring this over to his people. So they would have someone to put the blame on for their plight, therefore, many Germans turned to Hitler and his Nazi Party and with some even calling him, their last hope.
Hitler used propaganda to teach the Aryans that they are superior to other races, and thus, making them supports the Nazi’s plans to exterminate them or exclude them from the Reich. What we have seen above, is one expect I have found Hitler to have made use of propaganda. Therefore, from what we have seen above, the over view was that, Hitler to use Propaganda to get the public to believe what he wanted them to, so they would support him in his, and the Nazi’s plans
The Poster reads: " Hitler, our last hope"
By: Kelvin Lim (30) 3B (KL) 


Hitler Propaganda
  The coordinated attempt to influence public opinion through the use of media is called propaganda. It was used by the Nazi Party in the years leading up to and during Hitler Leadership of Germany. It provided a crucial instrument for acquiring and maintaining power, and for the implementation of their policies.
     Mein Kampf, Itself a propaganda tool, used to study and practice propaganda.The argument that Germany lost the war largely because of British propaganda efforts, expounded at length in Mein Kampf, reflected then-common German nationaloist claims. German propaganda during WWI was mostly more advances than that of the British which became the official truth of Nazi Germany thanks to its reception by Hitler.
A 1973 anti-Bolshevik Nazi Propaganda Poster
Poster art was a mainstay of the Nazi Propaganda effort, aimed both at Germany itself and occupied territories. The striking visual effects would reach viewers easily and they were difficult to avoid.  Hans Schweitzer, under the pen name “Mjolnir” produced many Nazi posters.

Done By-->Saravanan (36) 3A


in order to make sure that the views of nazi were being told to the people in the most persuasive manner and nobody in germany could read or see anything that was hostile or damaging to the nazi party  as the minister of enlightenment,goebbels had these two main tasks. goebbels had to work with the ss and gestapo and albert speer, the former hunted out those who might produce articles defamatory to the Nazis and Hitler while Speer helped Goebbels with public displays of propaganda.

imagine that you were in a country and the only thing you can see or read were those that were cencored by the government and what you learn in school were just how great your government is and what so ever... you will never whats happening outside and you don't even know that you are being taken advantaged by the govrnment... you still think that the government treat you very well and so. these are how hitler uses proganda to control his people. he controled the newspaper and the education of the country..these even limited the way the people in germany because people only think that arian way is the superior way these will cause racial discrimination and riot .like discrimating the minority of the country  like the jews..
by ng choojing (07) 3B>.<

Hilter's propaganda

Propaganda within Nazi Germany was taken to a new and frequently perverse level. Hitler knew the value of good propaganda and he appointed Joseph Goebbels as head of propaganda. Propaganda is a form of psychological manipulation, usually to further a political agenda. It involves the promotion of specific ideas or views to persuade others that `your side of the story ‘is correct.
As Minister of Enlightenment, Goebbels had two main tasks:
1) To ensure nobody in Germany could read or see anything that was hostile or damaging to the Nazi Party.
2) To ensure that Nazi’s view were put across in the most persuasive manner as possible.

To ensure success, Goebbels had to work with the SS and Gestapo and Albert Speer.
The former hunted out those who might produce articles defamatory to the Nazis and Hitler while Speer helped Goebbels with public displays of propaganda. Hitler introduced a system of censorship. You could only read, see and hear what the Nazis wanted you to read, see and hear. In this way, if you believed what you were told, the Nazi leaders logically assumed that opposition to their rule would be very small and practiced only by those on the very extreme who would be easy to catch.
The weekly Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (literally, "The Stormer;" or more accurately, "The Attacker") was a weekly tabloid-format Nazi newspaper published by Julius Streicher from 1923 to the end of World War II in 1945 was devoted to anti-Semitic propaganda and promoting hatred against the Jews. The motto of the paper was “The Jews are our misfortunate “and it was widely ready by the lower classes. In 1927, it sold about 27,000 copies every week; by 1935 circulation had reached around 480,000.
Hitler came to power in January 1933. By May 1933, the Nazi Party felt sufficiently strong to publicly demonstrate where their beliefs were going when Goebbels organised the first of the infamous book burning episodes.  Books that did not match the Nazi ideal was burnt in public - loyal Nazis ransacked libraries to remove the 'offending' books. "Where one burns books, one eventually burns people" commented the author Brecht. The most notable is Adolf Hitler’s Mein kampf or My struggle which was a best seller during the Nazi years.
To ensure that everybody could hear Hitler speak, Goebbels organised the sale of cheap radios. These were called the "People's Receiver" and they cost only 76 marks. A smaller version cost just 35 marks. Goebbels believed that if Hitler was to give speeches, the people should be able to hear him. Loud speakers were put up in streets so that people could not avoid any speeches by the Fuhrer. Cafes and other such properties were ordered to play in public speeches by Hitler.
Film released to the public concentrated on the Jews; the greatness of Hitler; the way of life for a true Germans; how badly Germans in Eastern Europe were treated. "Hilterjunge Quex” (1933) told the story of a boy brought up in a communist family in Germany who broke away from this background, joined the Hitler Youth and was murdered by the communists in Germany for doing so. "The Eternal Jew" was a film that vilified the Jews- comparing the Jews in Europe to a hoard of rats, spreading disease etc. However, the cinemas were not full of serious films with a political message. Goebbels ordered that many comedies should be made to give Germany a 'lighter' look.

Sieg Heil-Hail victory
Sieg Heil literally means “Victory Hall” or “hail victory” .During the Nazi era, it was a common call at political rallies like Nuremberg when meeting someone, it was customary in Nazi Germany to give the Hitler salute and say the words “Heil Hitler”.”Sieg Heil” was reserved for mass meetings such as the ones at Nuremberg where “Sieg Heil” was shouted in unison by thousands .At such rallies there was often a display of banners carrying the slogan “Sieg Heil” along with the Swastika.
Nuremberg Rallies
The first rallies took place in 1923 in Munich and 1926 in Weimar. From 1927 onwards, they were held in Nuremberg. The rallies reached over half a million from all sections of the party, the army and the state, including the Wehrmacht,SS,SA,Labor services ,Hitler Youth,etc. The Nuremberg rallies to strengthen the personality cult of Adolf Hitler, portraying Hitler as Germany’s saviour. Crowds listened ecstatically to the Fuhrer’s speeches, swore loyalty and marched before him. Images of the hero worship of Hitler are often from Nuremberg.
                     “All Germany hears the Fuhrer on the people’s receiver"

 By:Chia Hwee(18) 3C